Onychomycosis of the big toe is a common occurrence. Being the largest in the area, the nail of this finger very often attracts a fungal infection, which creates an environment for nutrition and development, destroying the structure of the nail tissue. Treating toenail fungus at home requires patience and care.
Onychomycosis develops due to the vital activity of pathogenic fungal organisms. Onychomycosis develops due to the vital activity of pathogenic fungal organisms. There are some conditions in which a fungus appears on the big toe:
- Contact with a sick person. It is unacceptable to share shoes, towels, and other household items with an infected person.
- Weakening of the body's immune system. This occurs when a person suffers from inflammatory diseases or endocrine disorders.
- Nail injury. Violation of the integrity of the nail plate can trigger the development of the fungus. The same reasons include damage caused by wearing very tight shoes or cosmetic procedures.
- Excessive sweating of the feet. This can be due to both endocrine disorders and low-quality shoes. But it can also be an innate trait.
- Trophic skin changes that are the lot of the elderly. Due to them, the percentage of fungal infections among the elderly and senile age is much higher.
- Flat feet can also be a prerequisite for the development of the disease.
- Insufficient foot hygiene or its complete absence.
The risk of fungal infection increases significantly when visiting places with high humidity (swimming pools, baths, saunas, etc. ) without shoes.
Signs of damage to the nail
The initial stage of the fungus will not attract the attention of an infected person, as it has no symptoms. In rare cases, slight itching, slight burning or redness of the skin may occur. All this will not cause any anxiety in the patient.
Strengthening of symptoms occurs with the growth of the mycelium. The structure is changing. The nail fades, becomes brittle. Its plaque is covered with spots and streaks, the color of which can vary depending on the type of pathogen. A photo of a nail fungus on the big toe will help determine who exactly "settled" on it.
For the affected nails, the plate is thickened and its corners grow into the roller. So it is deformed by the action of the fungus. The following signs appear:
- pain when moving (when walking);
- The big toe is red and swollen;
- purulent exudate is released from under the corners of the nail plate.
Passing their life cycle in the nail plate, fungi release toxins that enter the vessels of the lymphatic system and spread throughout the body. Under the influence of these substances occur:
- skin rashes such as hives;
- functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract;
- symptoms of intoxication.
The path of entry of the mushroom can be determined by external signs. If the infection has penetrated through the roller, the nail undergoes dystrophic changes. And if the free edge has become the entrance gate, then the pathogen settles under the nail plate.
Stages of onychomycosis
The treatment of the fungus on the nail of the big toe will depend on the stage of the process, of which there are only three:
- Intensive (progressive).
- Launched (destructive).
This phase is characterized by normotrophic damage. The nails appear healthy, but on closer inspection, small spots or streaks of a whitish or yellowish tint are found. There may be destruction of the nail along the edge or in the center. The plate loses its luster and fades. At this stage, getting rid of the fungus is the simplest.
This stage is characterized by hypertrophic changes. The plates change color and configuration. Spread over the entire surface of the pathogen makes them thickened and loose. The toes appear to be injured. The edge of the nail crumbles and breaks. An unpleasant smell emanates from the feet.
Curing the second stage fungus is more difficult. Use topical external antifungal drugs and tablets in case of low immunity.
The nail loses the remnants of a healthy appearance, crumbles and exfoliates from its bed. The inflammatory process begins in the periungual roller. The infection spreads to surrounding tissues and causes pain in the finger. It is necessary to fight the fungus at this stage only with complex measures.
Methods for the treatment of onychomycosis
How and how to treat a fungus on the thumb is best determined by a dermatologist. And even if you decide to use alternative methods of treatment, you must first make sure that your fingers are affected by the fungus. In the treatment of fungal infection, a large number of drugs of various forms of release, as well as folk recipes, were used.
The following groups of medicines are used:
Surgical methods are used in advanced cases. Laser therapy is also widely used.
The use of external agents
Funds intended for external use for fungal infections are sold in pharmacies and belong to the category of medicines available without a prescription. All of them are applied both to the nail itself and to the tissues surrounding it after preliminary cleaning of the legs. The standard frequency of application of these funds is 1-2 times within 24 hours.
On a note!
Thumb nail fungus treatment lasts from several months to a year. It depends on how severe the pathological process is.
An effective remedy in the fight against fungi is antifungal enamel. Contains cyclopyroxolamine or amorolfine. It is used if the nail plate suffered no more than a third, and the infection itself occurred less than 12 months ago. This method of treatment is effective when the nail is not hypertrophic.
- The paint should be applied twice a week for six months.
- Before application, the part of the nail affected by the fungus is removed with a file and degreased with alcohol.
- At the next use, the remnants of the paint are removed with an alcohol swab, and the plate is again cleaned from the destroyed areas.
The varnish destroys the spores of the fungus by penetrating deep into the nail structure. The preparations have a high penetrating ability and are harmful to many types of fungi.
The varnish is applied until a completely healthy nail plate grows on the finger.
Cream, gel or solution
There are many topical antifungal agents found on pharmacy shelves. These are gels, ointments, creams and even solutions. Mushroom ointment, such as gel and cream, is applied to a well-cleaned and even better steamed surface.
With external means it is necessary to treat the nails both on the thumb and on all others. And also on the little finger. This is done to prevent the spread of the infection.
Preparations for internal use
Only a doctor can choose the right drug for oral administration. Many of these drugs have a whole list of restrictions and contraindications. Treatment of nail fungus with pills is contraindicated in people with a history of kidney and liver disease, as well as in pregnant women and children. The course of treatment with tablets is from 2 to 6 months. Reception schemes are developed by the doctor.
Traditional medicine recipes
The fungus can be treated with folk remedies in addition to the main treatment regimen or in the very early stages of the disease. They help, first of all, to remove its manifestations, and without drug therapy, onychomycosis returns again and again. There are several options for simple treatments.
- Mix the honey and freshly squeezed onion juice in equal parts and lubricate the nails of the thumb and all other fingers once before going to bed until the healthy nail grows completely. Store the mixture in the refrigerator in a glass container. The duration of treatment is 4-12 months.
- Chop the thyme. Take 4 tablespoons, pour a glass (200 ml) of boiling water and leave for 60 minutes. Dip a bandage in the dye and apply on the nails for 2 hours. Repeat the treatment twice a day for three weeks.
- Iodine accumulates in water heated to 45 ° C at the rate of 3 drops per 1 liter of water. Keep your feet in the solution until it cools completely. After the bath, cut the damaged nail with hydrogen peroxide treated scissors and apply a bandage with antifungal ointment.
- Pour boiling water over a lemon and glue its slices to the nails using a plaster. Leave the compress overnight for best results.
- Steam your feet in hot water, dry your nails and attach a cotton ball dipped in hydrogen peroxide to them for 30 minutes. After the procedure, scrape the softened areas and lubricate the nails with an antifungal agent.
The key to successful therapy
In order for the treatment to be as effective as possible, you need to follow a few simple rules:
- As long as the treatment lasts, do not go to swimming pools, saunas and other places whose microclimate is humid and hot.
- Regularly treat all shoes with antifungal drugs (sprays).
- Change your socks four times a day. Disinfection of used vapors.
- Under no circumstances should you skip medications or procedures. Strictly follow medical instructions.
- Get rid of the grown dishes in a timely manner, as they prevent the penetration of medicines.