How to cure toenail fungus at home

Fungal nail infection is a very common phenomenon, affecting up to 20% of the population. It does not apply to life-threatening diseases. However, it causes many problems in the form of itching, deformation of the nail plate, discoloration. Pathogenic fungi release toxins that spread throughout the body, increasing its susceptibility to external adverse influences. Knowing how to cure toenail fungus at home can help you deal with the problem on your own.

toenail fungus

How the infection happens

Factors provoking the disease include cuts, wounds, leg abrasions, injuries resulting from wearing tight shoes. Insufficient care of the foot, especially with increased sweating, as well as the intake of antibiotics and a decrease in immunity, contribute to the appearance of mycosis.

Infection is possible through contact with a sick person, when using someone else's shoes, wipes and a bedroom mat can also be its source.

Therefore, the greatest chance of contracting the fungus exists when one of the family members suffers from this disease. The skin scales of a person infected with one fungus can fly into the surrounding space, infecting another.

Often this happens in crowded places in conditions of high humidity - in a bathroom, sauna, swimming pool. Fungal infection can also occur in salons that provide manicure and pedicure services, where they do not sufficiently monitor compliance with health standards. The disease is more common in adults, but sometimes a child's foot can also be affected by the fungus.

Symptoms of the disease

The manifestation of mycosis begins with increased dryness and peeling on the heels and feet. Sometimes there is redness, accompanied by severe itching, blistering, corns. People with excessive sweating develop diaper rash. The nail changes structure and color, becoming yellow, cracked. With the deep penetration of the spores into the dish, voids are formed under it, filled with a crumbled mixture, an unpleasant putrid smell arises.

damage to the nail plate with a fungal infection

In an advanced stage, toenail fungus makes walking difficult and can cause a rise in temperature. In such cases, you should immediately contact a dermatologist. Complications associated with mycosis can manifest itself in the form of psoriasis, eczema.

There are three types of toenail fungal infections, the symptoms of which are different:

  1. Vesicular. In this case, the lower part of the foot suffers, on which small bubbles are formed, filled with liquid.
  2. Membrane. It occurs between the toes in the form of cracks.
  3. Moccasin type. On the heels, soles, thickening of the skin appears with the formation of cracks. By catching the nails, the fungal pathogen causes a violation of their structure. The body can react with allergies.

In order not to have to resort to surgical methods to remove the affected nail, it is necessary to consult a doctor in time. He will choose the appropriate medications and advise on how to treat toenail fungus at home.

Why the fungus is dangerous

The disease is not harmless and can cause severe damage to the human body. Nail fungus is a cause of difficult diseases. Corroding the nail plate, it spreads to nearby tissues, becoming a conduit for any other infection. Weakened immunity promotes the penetration of the fungus into the internal organs.

General intoxication of the body can also be associated with mycosis. Toxins secreted by some types of mushrooms accumulate inside and lead to poisoning. The disease also causes severe psychological distress, causing negative emotions about its development.

nail fungal cells under a microscope

Methods of treatment

Mycosis is successfully treated at home with drugs and traditional medicine. It is important to start treatment on time. The method of wrist therapy is very popular today, when the elimination of the fungus is carried out in a short period of time due to the use of prescribed antifungal drugs in large doses. It is important to take long breaks between courses.

To cure nail fungus at home, you can use products intended for external use (ointments, gels, varnishes). Created on the basis of fungicidal preparations, they have an effective antifungal effect. The success of treatment depends on the accuracy with which the type of pathogen and the degree of pathology are determined. Different medications may be needed for each affected area of the foot.

In order to increase the effectiveness of treatment, it is recommended to combine local and systemic agents. Another way is to use traditional medicine recipes to speed up the healing process. You can treat nail fungus with the most common products - garlic, vinegar, lemon.

Pharmacological therapy

There is a wide variety of drugs that are effective against fungal infections. Used both orally and externally. The question of how to treat nail fungus on the hands and feet should be addressed by a specialist. He chooses the right tool.

Local funds

At the very beginning of the disease, when the area of the nail lesion does not exceed 50%, solve the problem with the help of ointments and sprays.

Most of them come in various forms and help remove many types of fungus. The ointment is applied 2 times a day, after cleaning and drying the affected area. The lack of results when using the ointment for more than two weeks requires replacing the drug with another in order to prevent the appearance of resistance in the fungus.

With mild symptoms, home treatment can be carried out with the help of special medical paints and serums.

Oral medications

When remedies for external use from nail fungus do not have a positive effect, the attending physician prescribes oral drugs that block the ability of microorganisms to multiply and destroy them.

The combination of oral medications with ointments and sprays helps to quickly remove the fungus from the toenails.

toenail fungus tablets

ethnoscience

Our grandmothers knew well how to treat toenail fungus at home. For a long time, all kinds of recipes with garlic, soda, vinegar and other ingredients available in any housewife's kitchen have been used to solve this problem. Common remedies are:

  • Garlic.It is used to get rid of different types of fungi. Not only on the feet, but it also helps cure nail fungus at home with this product known for its healing properties. To prepare a garlic tincture, knead several cloves into a pasty mass, mix equally with alcohol and dilute the resulting mixture with a small amount of water. The tincture is applied to the affected nail. You can use garlic in its pure form, just grease the nail plate with finely chopped garlic.
  • Nail fungus treatment with vinegar.First, the legs should be completely steamed. Then a vinegar bath is prepared. A 9% hot solution of the essence is prepared in a small basin. They lower our feet for 15 minutes. Then clean without rinsing with water. Vinegar baths to treat feet at home are recommended up to twice a week.
  • Iodine.Thanks to the antiseptic and disinfectant effect of alcohol tincture, the fungus is destroyed. A drop of 5% iodine solution is applied to the nail twice a day during the first week. Then the number of treatments is gradually reduced. The course lasts one month.
  • Onion.Applying crushed onion in gruel to the nail helps to cope with fungal infections.
  • Lemon.The thinly sliced fruit is placed on a sore nail, wrapped with cling film, fixing it with a bandage on top. The procedure is carried out for 12 days.
  • PropolisIt is a beehive product famous for its healing properties. Helps to remove unpleasant symptoms, relieving itching, inflammation. After moistening a tampon with 20% propolis tincture, apply it to the affected area, fixing it with a bandage. Propolis promotes the renewal of the nail plate.

Prophylaxis

You can protect yourself from fungal nail infections by performing some preventative measures. To do this, you should follow the basic rule: avoid walking barefoot in the pool, bathhouse, hostel. Also, it is important: do not use someone else's shoes; wash your feet in the morning and in the evening; take measures to strengthen immunity (play sports, go for walks in the fresh air, adhere to proper nutrition, take vitamins); pay attention to concomitant mycosis diseases (diabetes mellitus, gastritis, varicose veins); treat shoes with formalin or vinegar.

At the first signs of suspected fungal infection, appropriate measures must be taken. At the initial stage, it is much easier to get rid of nail fungus at home than with a severe injury.